- Time: The 5th day of the first lunar month.
- Place: Dong Da Mound, Dong Da District, Hanoi.
- Objects of worship: King Quang Trung (Nguyen Hue).
- Characteristics: “Thang Long Fire Dragon” dancing.
The Dong Da Hill Festival (Dong Da district, Hanoi) is an annual event held on the 5th lunar day of the Tet Holiday. This festival celebrates the Vietnamese nation’s triumphant victory against the Qing invaders. Two centuries ago, Dong Da was a battlefield where Quang Trung (Nguyen Hue), a Tay Son farmer who later became a National Hero defeated more than 200,000 soldiers of the Qing invading army. Dong Da Hill became a glorious historical site of the Vietnamese nation
Ever since, on the 5th annual of the first lunar month, Hanoi people hold a festival to celebrate this historic victory.
In the early morning of the 5th day, a procession for the historical event’s celebration commences at Khuong Thuong and ends at Dong Da Hill. The procession includes flags, a processional parasol, palanquins with a variety of colours, and the sounds of gongs and drums. The procession moves slowly with the characteristic of a triumphant victory. The most special part of the procession is the Fire Dragon which is decorated with straw, cataphyll, and coarse paper. A group of youth, dressed in martial suits, then goes around and performs a piece that recounts the whole period of the war.The “Thang Long Fire Dragon” has become a symbol of the Vietnamese nation’s victory
The whole procession walks and sometimes dances in the rhythm of castanets. A group of young people, dressed in martial suit, then goes around and performs a piece that recounts the whole period of the war.
When the procession comes to Dong Da Hill, there is an incense – offering ceremony after which someone reads the story of the Ky Dau victory that praises the military genius of the national hero, Quang Trung. There are also various games to play and competitions that challenge the skills and intelligence of participants on the wide field in front of hill.